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ISO 18000 History:
In 1996, The British Standards Institution (BSI) has released BS8800 Guide to occupational health and safety management systems that was published as non-certifiable guidance.  This was influenced by both the 1991 version of the HSE´s safety management system guidance, HSG 65, the quality standard ISO 9001 and the environmental standard BS 7750 / ISO 14001. OHSAS 18001:1999 was meant to be a specification with less detail than BS8800.  BS OHSAS 18001:2007 developed from this, whilst the original BS8800 with all the detail went through further development to become BS 18004:2008.  OHSAS 18001 was created via a concerted effort from a number of the world´s leading national standards bodies, certification bodies, and specialist consultancies.


About ISO 18000:
OHSAS 18000 refers to a series of standards for Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems.  OHSAS 18001 sets requirement on occupational and health safety for employees.  In addition to the OHSAS 18001 Occupational Health and Safety Management Specifications there is a guidance document known as OHSAS 18002 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems Guidelines for the implementation of OHSAS 18001.  Once the organization implements processes and procedures that comply with the requirements listed in the OHSAS 18001 document, it can be audited by a third party organization that will certify the organization.  OHSAS 18001 is generic and is applicable to types of organizations.  It can also be integrated with ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 seamlessly.


Implementing ISO 18001:
Registration to OHSAS 18001 by an independent, third party, certification body demonstrates a commitment to implement, maintain and improve the way in which the organization manage its Health and Safety system.  Organizations registered to OHSAS 18001 can be more confident about meeting the requirements of H & S legislation.  The setting of targets through the Health and Safety policy, together with the ongoing measurement against it ensures a process of continual improvement.  OHSAS helps in a variety of respects as minimize risk to employees; improve an existing OH&S management system; demonstrate diligence, gain assurance...


Implement ISO 18001:
Firstly, the organization must evaluate the Health and Safety needs of the staff and visitors.  Then the boundaries of Health and Safety system should be identified and procedures should be document for meeting the requirements of OHSAS 18001.  Then ensure these procedures are fully implemented and then audit and reviewed.  Once developed, internal audits are needed to ensure the system continues to be effective.


Second Party Assessment:
Second party has an enviable record for customer satisfaction with its certification services.  A friendly approach to implement and dislike of bureaucracy has led to unprecedented growth through referrals from contented clients.  Second party consultant/auditors have empathy with this approach.  Consultants and auditors are also carefully allocated by their experience in the industry they are auditing.  This results in a practical, meaningful audit, carried out in an air of mutual understanding.


Application and Benefits of ISO 18000:
OHSAS helps in a variety of respects... it helps: minimize risk to employees; improve an existing OH&S management system; demonstrate diligence; gain assurance...  The benefits can be substantial.  The OHSAS specification is applicable to any organization that wishes to:
- Establish an OH&S management system to eliminate or minimize risk to employees and other interested parties who may be exposed to OH&S risks associated with its activities
- Implement, maintain and continually improve an OH&S management system
- Assure itself of its conformance with its stated OH&S policy
- Demonstrate such conformance to others
- Seek certification/registration of its OH&S management system by an external organization
- Make a self-determination and declaration of conformance with this OHSAS specification

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